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In press

Raichlen, D.A., Pontzer, H., Harris, J.A., Mabulla, Z.P., Marlowe, F.W., Snodgrass, J.J.,
Eick, G., Berbesque, J.C., Sancilio, A., Wood, B.M. Physical activity patterns and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk in hunter-gatherers. American Journal of Human Biology. click here for pdf

2016

Raichlen, D.A., Bharadwaj, P.K., Fitzhugh, M.C., Haws, K.A., Torre, G., Trouard, T.P., Alexander, G.E., Differences in resting state functional connectivity between young adult endurance athletes and healthy controls. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 10:610. click here for pdf

Webber, J.T., Raichlen, D.A. The role of plantigrady and heel-strike in the
mechanics and energetics of human walking with implications for the evolution of the human foot. Journal of Experimental Biology. 219:3729-3737. click here for pdf

Kuhn, S.L., Raichlen, D.A., Clark, A. What moves us? How mobility and movement are
at the center of human evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology. 25:86-97. click here for pdf

Pontzer, H., Brown, M.H., Raichlen, D.A., Dunsworth, H., Hare, B., Schroepfer-Walker,
K., Luke, A., Dugas, L., Durazo-Arvizu, R., Schoeller, D., Plange-Rhule, J., Bovet, P., Forrester, T.E., Lambert, E.V., Thompson, M.E., Grebe, N., Gangstead, S.W., Ross, S.R. Metabolic acceleration and the evolution of human brain size and life history. Nature. 533:390-392. click here for pdf

Klimentidis, Y., Arora,Y., Chougule,A., Zhou, J., Raichlen, D.A. FTO association and interaction with time spent sitting. International Journal of Obesity. 40:411-416. click here for pdf

2015

Pontzer, H., Raichlen, D.A., Wood, B.M., Emery Thompson, M.E., Racette, S.B., Mabulla, A.Z.P., Marlowe, F.W. Energy expenditure and activity among Hadza hunter-gatherers. American Journal of Human Biology. 27:628-637 click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A.,Gordon, A.D., Foster, A.D., Webber, J., Sukhdeo, S.M., Scott, R.S., Gosman, J.H., Ryan, T.M. An ontogenetic framework linking locomotion and trabecular bone architecture with applications for reconstructing hominin life history. Journal of Human Evolution. 81: 1-12 click here for pdf

2014

Wood, B.M., Marlowe, F.W., Pontzer, H., Raichlen, D.A. (2014) Mutualism and manipulation in Hadza-honeyguide interactions. Evolution and Human Behavior. click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A., Alexander, G.E. (2014) Exercise, APOE genotype, and the evolution of the human lifespan. Trends in Neurosciences. click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A., Wood, B.M., Gordon, A.D., Mabulla, A.X., Marlowe, F.W., Pontzer, H. (2014)
Evidence of scale-free Lévy walk foraging in human hunter-gatherers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111: 728-733. click here for pdf

Pontzer, H, Suchman, K., Raichlen, D.A., Wood, B.M., Mabulla, A.Z.P., Marlowe, F.W. (2014)
Foot strike patterns and hind limb joint angles during running in Hadza hunter-gatherers. Journal of Sport and Health Science. 3: 95-191. click here for pdf

Shapiro, L.J., Cole, W.G., Young, J.W., Raichlen, D.A., Robinson, S.R., Adolph, K.E. (2014)
Human quadrupeds, primate quadrupedalism, and Uner Tan Syndrome. PLoS ONE. 9: e101758. click here for pdf

Pontzer, H., Raichlen, D.A., Rodman, P.S. (2014) Bipedal and quadrupedal locomotion in chimpanzees. Journal of Human Evolution. 66: 64-82. click here for pdf

Pontzer, H, Raichlen, D.A., Gordon, A.D., Schroepfer-Walker, K.K., Hare, B., O’Neill, M.C., Muldoon, K.M., Dunsworth, H.M., Wood, B.M., Isler, K., Burkart, J., Irwin, M., Shumaker, R.W., Lonsdorf, E.V., Ross, S.R. (2014) Primate energy expenditure and life history. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111: 1433-1437. click here for pdf

2013

Raichlen, D.A.,Polk, J.D. (2013) Linking brains and brawn: exercise and the evolution of human neurobiology. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 280: 20122250 click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A., Foster, A.D., Seillier, A., Giuffrida, A., Gerdeman, G.L. (2013) Exercise-induced endocannabinoid signaling is modulated by intensity. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 113:869-875 click here for pdf

Foster, A.D., Raichlen, D.A., Pontzer, H. (2013) Muscle force production during bent-knee, bent-hip walking in humans. Journal of Human Evolution. 65:294-302 click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A., Pontzer, H., Shapiro, L.J. (2013) A new look at the Dynamic Similarity Hypothesis: the importance of swing phase. Biology Open. click here for pdf

Barak, M.M., Lieberman, D.E., Raichlen, D.A., Pontzer, H., Warrener, A.G., Hublin, J.J. (2013) Trabecular evidence for a human-like gait in Australopithecus africanus. PLoS ONE. 8: e77687 click here for pdf

2012

Raichlen, D.A., Foster, A.D., Gerdeman, G.L., Seillier, A., Giuffrida, A. (2012) Wired to run: exercise-induced endocannabinoid signaling in humans and cursorial mammals with implications for the 'runner's high'. Journal of Experimental Biology. 215:1331-1336. click here for pdf

Pontzer, H. Raichlen, D.A., Wood, B.M., Mabulla, A.X., Racette, S.B., Marlowe, F.W. (2012) Hunter-gatherer energetics and human obesity. PLoS ONE. 7:e40503. click here for pdf

2011

Raichlen, D.A., Gordon, A.D. (2011) Relationship between exercise capacity and brain size in mammals.  PLoS ONE. 6: e20601. click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A., Armstrong, H., Lieberman, D.E. (2011) Calcaneus length determines running economy: Implications for endurance running performance in modern humans and Neandertals. Journal of Human Evolution. 60: 299-308. click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A., Gordon, A.D., Sechrest, W. (2011) Bioenergetic constraints on primate abundance.  International  Journal of Primatology.  32: 118-133. click here for pdf

Pontzer, H., Raichlen, D.A., Sockol, M.D. (2011) From treadmill to tropics: calculating ranging cost in chimpanzees. In: D'Aout and Vereecke, E.E. (eds) Primate Locomotion: Linking Field and Laboratory Research. New York, Springer. pp. 289-309.

2010

Raichlen, D.A., Gordon, A.D., Harcourt-Smith, W.E.H., Foster, A.D., Haas. W.R.Jr. (2010) Laetoli footprints preserve earliest direct evidence of human-like bipedalism.  PLoS ONE. 5: e9769. click here for pdf

Pontzer, H., Raichlen, D.A., Shumaker, R.W., Ocobock, C., Wich, S.A. (2010) Extremely low energy expenditure in free living Orangutans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107: 14048-14052. click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A., Gordon, A.D., Muchlinksi, M.N., Snodgrass, J.J. (2010) Causes and significance of variation in mammalian basal metabolism. Journal of Comparative Physiology B.  180: 301-311. click here for pdf

2009

Raichlen, D.A., Shapiro, L.J., Pontzer, H., & Sockol, M.D. (2009) Understanding increased hind limb weight support in chimpanzees and the evolution of primate kinetics.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 138: 395-402. click here for pdf

Pontzer, H., Raichlen, D.A., Sockol, M.D. (2009) The metabolic cost of walking in humans, chimpanzees, and early hominins.  Journal of Human Evolution. 56: 43-54. click here for pdf

Pontzer, H, Holloway, J, Raichlen, D.A., Lieberman, D.E. (2009) Control and function of arm swing in human walking and running.  Journal of Experimental Biology. 212: 523-534. click here for pdf

Lieberman, D.E., Bramble, D.M., Raichlen D.A., Shea, J.J. (2009) Brains versus brawn and the evolution of Homo. In: Grine, F. and Leakey, R.E.F. (eds) The Origin of Homo.  New York, Plenum. pp.77-92

2008

Raichlen, D.A., Pontzer, H., & Sockol, M. (2008) The Laetoli footprints and early hominin locomotor kinematics.  Journal of Human Evolution. 54:112-117. click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A. (2008) Predicting the effects of gravity on human walking using a kinematic model: A new test of the dynamic similarity hypothesis.  Journal of Experimental Biology. 211: 2767-2772. click here for pdf

Keeney, B.K., Raichlen, D.A., Meek, T.H., Wijeratne, R.S., Middleton, K.M., Gerdeman,  G.L., Garland, T. Jr. (2008) Differential response to a selective cannabinoid receptor antagonist (SR141716: rimonabant) in female mice from lines selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running behavior.  Behavioral Pharmacology. 19: 812-820. click here for pdf

2007

Sockol, M., Raichlen, D.A., & Pontzer, H. (2007) Chimpanzee locomotor energetics and the origin of human bipedalism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  134: 12265-12269. click here for pdf

Lieberman, D.E., Bramble, D.M., Raichlen, D.A., & Shea, J.J. (2007) Endurance running and the tyranny of ethnography: A reply to Pickering and Bunn.  Journal of Human Evolution. 53: 434-437. click here for pdf

Shapiro, L.J. and Raichlen, D.A. (2007) Primate gaits and arboreal stability:  A response to Cartmill et al.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 133: 825-827. click here for pdf

2006

Raichlen, D.A. (2006) Effects of limb mass distribution on mechanical power outputs during quadrupedalism. Journal of Experimental Biology. 209: 633-644. click here for pdf

Shapiro, L.J. & Raichlen, D.A. (2006) The influence of limb proportions on the ontogeny of quadrupedal walking in infant baboons (Papio cynocephalus). Journal of Zoology. 269: 191-203. click here for pdf

Lieberman, D.E., Raichlen, D.A., Pontzer, H., Bramble, D. & Cutright-Smith, E. (2006) The human gluteus maximus and its role in running. Journal of Experimental Biology. 209: 2143-2155. click here for pdf

2005

Raichlen, D.A. (2005) Effects of limb mass distribution on the ontogeny of quadrupedalism in infant baboons (Papio cynocephalus) and implications for the evolution of primate quadrupedalism.  Journal of Human Evolution. 49: 415-431. click here for pdf

Raichlen, D.A. (2005) Ontogeny of limb mass distribution in Papio cynocephalus. Journal of Human Evolution. 49: 452-467. click here for pdf

Shapiro, L.J. and Raichlen, D.A. (2005) Lateral sequence walking in infant Papio cynocephalus: implications for the evolution of diagonal sequence walking in primates.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 126: 205-213. click here for pdf

2004

Raichlen, D.A. (2004) Convergence of forelimb and hind limb natural pendular periods in baboons (Papio cynocephalus) and its implication for the evolution of primate quadrupedalism.  Journal of Human Evolution. 46: 719-738. click here for pdf